despair

  核心詞匯  
[d?'spe?(r)]     [d?'sper]    
  • n. 絕望;失望
  • vi. 失望
despaired despaired despairing despairs
new

despair的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 絕望,失望,斷念,走投無路
  2. 令人絕望的人或原因,令人失望的人
  3. 望塵莫及的人
  4. 絕望的情緒,走投無路的心情
  5. 棘手
  6. 令某人擔心
v. (動詞)
  1. (對...)絕望,(悲觀)失望,(對...)喪失信心,對...不抱希望,大失所望,失去希望

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [U]絕望 complete loss of hope or confidence
  2. [C][U]使人絕望的人〔事物〕 sth or sb that causes this feeling
v. (動詞)
  1. vi. 絕望 be in despair about

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. a state in which all hope is lost or absent;

    "in the depths of despair"
    "they were rescued from despair at the last minute"
    "courage born of desperation"

  2. the feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will turn out well;

    "they moaned in despair and dismay"
    "one harsh word would send her into the depths of despair"

Verb:
  1. abandon hope; give up hope; lose heart;

    "Don't despair--help is on the way!"

despair的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. A person is most disappointed when he is in despair.
    一個人在絕望時最失望。
  2. He has been in the abyss of despair.
    他已陷入絕望的深淵。
  3. He fluctuated between hope and despair.
    他時而充滿希望時而失望。
  4. He is the despair of all other pianists.
    他使其他所有的鋼琴家都感到失望。
用作不及物動詞 (vi.)
  1. We cannot despair of humanity, since we are ourselves human beings.
    身為人類,我們不能對人性失望。
  2. They despaired of winning the game.
    他們不抱比賽得勝的希望。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Defeat after defeat filled us with despair.
    一次又一次的失敗使我們完全絕望了。
  2. The boy is the despair of his teachers.
    老師們認為這孩子已無可救藥。
  3. He was in despair of ever being able to pay off his debts.
    他對自己能夠清償債務已不抱任何希望。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. Don't abandon yourself to despair.
    不要悲觀失望。
  2. She has despaired deeply.
    她已深為絕望。
  3. Even though all her family and financial troubles,Margaret never gave way to despair.
    即使因為家庭和經濟發生困難,瑪格麗特也從來沒有悲觀失望過。
  4. Do not despair, things will get better soon!
    不要絕望,情況會很快好起來的。
  5. In all things, it is better to hope than to despair.
    在任何情況下,抱有希望總比絕望強。
  6. So long as you help me,I shall never despair.
    只要有你幫助我,我是決不會灰心喪氣的。
  7. She despaired at the thought of it.
    一想到這件事她就心灰意冷。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
despair of (v.+prep.)
    對(某人,尤其對其行為)感到十分焦急,擔心 feel very anxious about (sb), especially as regards his behaviour
    despair of sb/sth

    He despaired of his future.

    他對他的將來不抱希望。

    Don't despair of success; where there's a will, there's a way.

    別悲觀失望,有志者事竟成。

    He did not despair of victory in the end.

    他沒有失去最后贏得勝利的信心。

    We should never despair of success.

    我們切勿對成功喪失信心。

    The patient's life was despaired of, all hope that he would live was lost.

    此病人已病入膏肓,救活無望。

    despair of v-ing

    The doctor despaired of saving the child's life.

    醫生對救活這孩子已失去了信心。

    She had despaired of completing her thesis.

    她對完成論文已失去了信心。

    They despaired of winning the game.

    他們不抱比賽得勝的希望。

    despair of sb

    I despair of those children.

    我對那些孩子十分擔心。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • A sadness overcame him, more than sadness, a despair.

    出自: R. P. Warren
  • Revolution, though born of despair, cannot long be sustained by despair.

    出自: M. L. King
  • Hollow-eyed Abstinence, and lean Despair.

    出自: personified
  • His life was despaired of.

    出自: M. W. Montagu
  • We carried her disease backwards and forwards over Europe..until I began to despair.

    出自: L. Durrell
  • Herr Lustgarten was beginning..to despair of teaching me more.

    出自: M. Moorcock

despair的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. despair的基本意思是“絕望”,引申可指“使人絕望的人〔事物〕”。in despair意為“絕望地”,可用作表語,也可用作狀語。
v. (動詞)
  1. despair的基本意思是“對…感到失望或絕望”,這種“失望”可指“徹底失望或絕望”,口氣很強,有時有“悲痛”的含義; 它是不及物動詞,常與of連用,表示“對…失望”。
  2. despair后面如需跟非謂語動詞,須跟of+doing,不可跟動詞不定式。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
despair, disappoint
  • 這兩個詞都可以表示“使失望,使絕望”,但含義及用法上有很大的區別:despair是不及物動詞,后面接介詞of,表示“徹底失望或絕望”,口氣很強,有時有“悲痛”的含義; despair of接人時,意味著厭惡和失望的感情交織在一起; disappoint是及物動詞,表示“使…失望”,強調原來的希望未能實現,因而令人喪失信心,常用于系表結構中。例如:
  • It is said that when he was a boy his par- ents despaired of him.
  • 據說在很小的時候他的父母對他不抱 任何希望。
  • Although I was disappointed,I didn't des- pair.
  • 我雖失望了,但還沒有絕望。
  • despair,desperation,depression,disappointment
  • 這些名詞都有“絕望、沮喪”之意。
  • despair普通用詞,指因災難等因素而喪失希望和信心,陷入沮喪,絕望的境地。
  • desperation語氣強烈,指因絕望而使人采取無所顧忌的瘋狂行動。
  • depression側重指因遭受重大失利或挫折而產生的低落情緒。
  • disappointment多指愿望或期望的落空。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 14世紀初期進入英語,直接源自古法語的desperer,意為失去希望;最初源自古典拉丁語的desperare:de (沒有) + sperare (希望),意為喪失希望。
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