miserable

  常用詞匯  
['m?zr?bl]     ['m?zr?bl]    
  • adj. 痛苦的;悲慘的;貧乏的;狼狽的
new

miserable的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

adj. (形容詞)
  1. 不幸的
  2. 痛苦的
  3. 可憐的
  4. 卑鄙的
  5. 悲慘的
  6. 粗劣的
  7. 可恥的
  8. 凄慘的
  9. 悲哀的
  10. 討厭的
  11. 令人不快的
  12. 太少的
  13. 少得可憐的
  14. 糟糕的
  15. 非常難受的
  16. 使(人)難受的
  17. 使不舒服的
  18. 使人傷心的
n. (名詞)
  1. 不幸的人
  2. 窮困不堪的人

雙解釋義

adj. (形容詞)
  1. 悲慘的,不幸的,可憐的 very unhappy or uncomfortable; wretched
  2. 令人痛苦的,令人不快的 causing unhappiness or discomfort; unpleasant
  3. 低劣的; 貧乏的 poor in quality or quantity
  4. 卑鄙的,可恥的,可惡的 mean; contemptible

英英釋義

Adjective:
  1. very unhappy; full of misery;

    "he felt depressed and miserable"
    "a message of hope for suffering humanity"
    "wretched prisoners huddled in stinking cages"

  2. deserving or inciting pity;

    "a hapless victim"
    "miserable victims of war"
    "the shabby room struck her as extraordinarily pathetic"
    "piteous appeals for help"
    "pitiable homeless children"
    "a pitiful fate"
    "Oh, you poor thing"
    "his poor distorted limbs"
    "a wretched life"

  3. of the most contemptible kind;

    "abject cowardice"
    "a low stunt to pull"
    "a low-down sneak"
    "his miserable treatment of his family"
    "You miserable skunk!"
    "a scummy rabble"
    "a scurvy trick"

  4. of very poor quality or condition;

    "deplorable housing conditions in the inner city"
    "woeful treatment of the accused"
    "woeful errors of judgment"

  5. characterized by physical misery;

    "a wet miserable weekend"
    "spent a wretched night on the floor"

  6. contemptibly small in amount;

    "a measly tip"
    "the company donated a miserable $100 for flood relief"
    "a paltry wage"
    "almost depleted his miserable store of dried beans"

miserable的用法和樣例:

例句

用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. Her wretchedness made him feel miserable.
    她的不幸讓他感到十分難受。
  2. You made Grace Howland's life miserable.
    你使格雷斯·豪蘭的生活痛苦不堪。
  3. The handmaid led a miserable life.
    婢女過著悲慘的生活。
  4. There are still many people whose living conditions are miserable.
    仍有許多人的生活條件是很艱苦的。
  5. How can I keep a family on such a miserable wage?
    我怎么能靠這少得可憐的工資養家?

常見句型

用作形容詞 (adj.)
用作定語 ~+ n.
  1. We have a miserable life.
    我們過了一段悲慘的生活。
  2. They started their holiday on a miserable day.
    他們假期開始時天氣很不好。
  3. He was born in a miserable family.
    他出身于一個貧困的家庭。
  4. We have been living in this miserable house for years.
    我們在這所粗劣的房子里住了好多年。
  5. What a miserable old devil he was!
    他是多么可惡的吝嗇鬼呀!
用作表語 S+be+~
  1. The laboring people's life is miserable in the old society.
    舊社會勞動人民的生活很悲慘。
  2. Her past life was miserable.
    她過去的生活很苦。
  3. Their living conditions are miserable.
    他們的生活條件太糟糕了。
  4. She felt miserable for months after she got her divorce.
    她離婚后難過了好幾個月。
  5. He was miserable after his sons were all killed by the enemy.
    他的兒子全被敵人殺害后,他痛苦萬分。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. We all felt very miserable at the bad news.
    聽到這個消息,我們大家感到很難過。
  2. They were miserable with hunger and cold.
    他們饑寒交迫。
It is/was+~+of sb+to- v
  1. It was miserable of you to make fun of him.
    你取笑他,這是可恥的。
用作賓語補足語 S+V+O+~
  1. He makes her life miserable.
    他使她的生活苦不堪言。

詞匯搭配

用作形容詞 (adj.)
~+名詞 動詞+~ ~+介詞

經典引文

  • She was miserable and agitated and quarrelling with everyone.

    出自: C. Angier

miserable的詳細講解:

詞語用法

adj. (形容詞)
  1. miserable的基本意思是“悲慘的,不幸的,可憐的”,用于人時指身心處于極為痛苦的狀態,也指可憐的貧困或不體面; 用于物時指極為貧乏、不充足或粗劣,令人痛苦或悲憤,引申可表示“低劣的,貧乏的”“卑鄙的,可恥的”。

詞義辨析

adj. (形容詞)
miserable, sorrowful, sorry, unhappy
  • 這四個詞都可表示“難過”。其區別是:
  • sorry指因自己或他人的不幸引起的傷感,帶有遺憾和惋惜的色彩; miserable指因身體、精神和外界因素引起的痛苦; unhappy指“不高興”“心情不快”,有時也表示較為長久的不滿意; sorrowful意為“悲哀的,悲傷的”,語氣比sorry要強的多。例如:
  • The child's cold, hungry and tired, so of course he's feeling miserable.這孩子疲憊不堪,又冷又餓,他當然感到非常難受。
  • I could see how unhappy she was from her sorrowful face.從她滿面愁容的表情我能看出她是多么的不愉快。
  • miserable, wretched
  • 這兩個詞都有“痛苦的,悲慘的”意思。miserable指某種境況,如貧困、屈辱或不幸而造成的肉體與精神上的痛苦; wretched指由于憂傷,疾病等引起而使外表看起來悲慘、窮困、骯臟,含有極端沮喪之意。
  • miserable,wretched,unhappy,sorry
  • 這些形容詞均含“不幸的”之意。
  • miserable指因貧窮、不幸或屈辱等外部因素給人造成精神痛苦、煩惱或肉體折磨,令人同情和可憐。
  • wretched多指由于疾病、擔憂、憂傷等造成的不幸和痛苦,在外表上顯得沮喪、可憐、失望,語氣比miserable強。
  • unhappy側重指精神上的不快或失望。
  • sorry常作禮貌用詞,表遺憾、婉惜;也指說話人表示同情、悲哀等,感情色彩較強。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 15世紀初期進入英語,直接源自拉丁語的miserabilis,意為值得同情。
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