miss

  基本詞匯  
[m?s]     [m?s]    
  • n. [M-]小姐
  • vt. 想念
  • vt. 錯過;漏掉
missed missed missing misses
new

miss的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 小姐(用于姓名或姓之前,對未婚女子的稱呼)
  2. 失敗
  3. 逃脫,幸免
  4. 未擊中,失誤
  5. (內燃機等的)不發火,缺火,失火
  6. 少女,姑娘
  7. <古>娼妓,情婦
v. (動詞)
  1. 沒找到,沒遇到,未趕上
  2. 未達到(某處),未接觸到
  3. 未看到,未注意到,未聽到,未體驗
  4. 未理解,未領會
  5. 惦念
  6. 錯過,失卻
  7. 失(約),缺(勤)
  8. 未擊中,未抓住,打偏
  9. 未得到,未獲得,失敗,未達到目的
  10. 發覺遺失,發現(某人)不在身邊
  11. 未做到
  12. 逃脫,幸免于
  13. 漏掉,略去,省掉
  14. 缺少
  15. 【醫】(婦女)停經

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 未擊中,未抓住,未達到; 未看見,未領會 … fail to hit, catch, see, understand, etc.
  2. vt. 未出席,未趕上; 未能利用,失掉 fail to be present at sth; arrive too late for sth; fail to take advantage of sth
  3. vt. 發現遺失 discover what is lost
  4. vt. 避免 avoid or escape from (sth unpleasant)
  5. vt. 想念,惦記 feel sorry or unhappy at the absence or loss of
n. (名詞)
  1. [C]錯失,不中,未得 a failure to hit, catch, hold, etc., that which is aimed at
  2. [S]小姐 (a title placed before the name of) an unmarried woman or girl
  3. [S]女老師 a woman teacher
  4. [S]小妞,小姑娘 a girl whose size is between that of a child and a woman

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. a young woman;

    "a young lady of 18"

  2. a failure to hit (or meet or find etc)

  3. a form of address for an unmarried woman

Verb:
  1. fail to perceive or to catch with the senses or the mind;

    "I missed that remark"
    "She missed his point"
    "We lost part of what he said"

  2. feel or suffer from the lack of;

    "He misses his mother"

  3. fail to attend an event or activity;

    "I missed the concert"
    "He missed school for a week"

  4. leave undone or leave out;

    "How could I miss that typo?"
    "The workers on the conveyor belt miss one out of ten"

  5. fail to reach or get to;

    "She missed her train"

  6. be without;

    "This soup lacks salt"
    "There is something missing in my jewelry box!"

  7. fail to reach;

    "The arrow missed the target"

  8. be absent;

    "The child had been missing for a week"

  9. fail to experience;

    "Fortunately, I missed the hurricane"

miss的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Miss Williams can read and write French very well.
    威廉斯小姐能夠很自如地用法語看書和寫東西。
用作及物動詞 (vt.)
  1. I do miss the children. The house seems as silent as the tomb without them.
    我真想念孩子們。他們不在家里顯得太沉靜了。
用作及物動詞 (vt.)
  1. It's the chance of a lifetime. You shouldn't miss it.
    這是一生中難得的機會,你不應錯過。
  2. He listened attentively so as not to miss a single word .
    他不想漏掉一個字,所以很用心的聽了。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. I aimed at the black spot and missed.
    我瞄準了那個黑點,但沒打中。
  2. He took a cut at the ball but missed.
    他削球削了個空。
  3. The engine kept missing.
    這臺發動機老是熄火。
  4. I'm afraid that he may miss.
    恐怕他會失敗。
  5. They missed their test.
    他們錯過了考試。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The bullet missed me by a hair's breath.
    那顆子彈差一點就打中了我。
  2. The arrow missed the target.
    箭未能射中靶子。
  3. He missed the 9:30 train.
    他沒趕上9:30的火車。
  4. He tried to catch the ball, but missed it.
    他想抓住球,但接漏了。
  5. The goalkeeper just missed the ball.
    守門員差一點撲住球。
  6. He missed the bank and fell into the water.
    他沒有跳上岸,掉到水里了。
  7. He seldom misses his aim.
    他難得有一次沒有達到目的。
  8. He hammered away, but half the time he missed the nail.
    他用錘一個勁地敲,可是多半都沒敲在釘子上。
  9. As two of my answers missed the mark,I can't get a good grade this time.
    因為我有兩個問題沒有答上,這次我得不了好分。
  10. He missed the point of my joke.
    他沒有領會我的笑話好笑在什么地方。
  11. She missed him in the crowd.
    她沒有在人群中看到他。
  12. I missed the first part of the speech.
    我沒聽到報告的第一部分。
  13. He missed his only chance.
    他錯過了唯一的機會。
  14. He arrived late and missed his appointment with the doctor.
    他到晚了,錯過了和醫生預約的時間。
  15. Please be quiet.I don't want to miss a word of the news on the radio.
    請安靜,收音機的新聞廣播我一個字也不想漏掉。
  16. I nearly missed my flight.
    我差點誤了班機。
  17. He's missed school three days this week.
    本周他缺了3天課。
  18. I was sorry to miss you when I called.
    我來拜訪你時,發現你不在,很遺憾。
  19. I didn't miss my umbrella until I got off the bus.
    下公共汽車后我才發現傘不見了。
  20. The two boys miss their father a great deal.
    這兩個男孩非常惦念他們的父親。
  21. I miss you terribly!
    我多么惦記你呀!
  22. We have missed you badly since you were gone.
    自你走后我們非常惦念你。
  23. I miss everything in my hometown.
    我懷念家鄉的一切。
  24. He missed the sunshine when he returned to England after five years in a hot country.
    他在炎熱的國家住了5年回到英國后便懷念那里的陽光。
  25. I have not missed cigarettes a bit.
    我一點都不想抽煙了。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. I don't want to miss seeing that film on television tonight.
    我不想錯過今晚在電視上看那部影片的機會。
  2. He never missed attending the lectures.
    他從未缺席過這些講座。
  3. The two cars narrowly missed hitting each other.
    那兩輛車險些相撞。
  4. He just missed going to jail.
    他差點進監獄。
  5. We only just missed having a nasty accident.
    我們差一點發生了一場嚴重事故。
  6. I just missed burning my hands.
    差點燒著我的手。
  7. He narrowly missed being run over by a car.
    他差點兒被汽車壓死。
  8. He almost missed being allowed to fly in space.
    差點沒讓他去作宇宙飛行。
  9. I miss living in the country.
    我懷念以前住在農村的日子。
其他 v -ing as s-Compl.
  1. One boat is missing.
    一只船失蹤了。
  2. My notebook is missing.I've just discovered it.
    我的筆記本丟失了。我剛剛才發現。
v -ing as Attrib.
  1. They started off at once in search of the missing girl.
    他們立即出發去尋找丟失的女孩。
  2. Newspaper reporters have been asking about the missing child all day.
    新聞記者整天都在打聽有關那失蹤孩子的消息。
  3. The aggressor troops marched into the neighbouring country on the pretext of searching for their missing soldier.
    侵略軍開進一個鄰國,借口尋找他們失蹤的士兵。
v -ing as o-Compl.
  1. He flew into a temper when he found the stamps missing from the letters.
    他發現信封上的郵票沒有了,大發脾氣。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. A miss is as good as a mile.
    失之毫厘,差之千里。
  2. It's hit or miss.
    好歹一試。
  3. He could hit his target one hundred times without a single miss.
    他打靶能百發百中。
  4. She thought she was going to have a baby, but only had a miss.
    她感到快要生孩子了,然而卻流產了。
  5. That was a lucky miss.
    得免于難,真是僥幸。
  6. The shop-assistant was sick,Miss Baker filled in for him.
    售貨員病了,貝克小姐替他售貨。
  7. Miss Mary has been a governess in that family for years.
    瑪麗小姐已在那家當了多年家庭教師了。
  8. Mr. Brown and Miss Wilson were married this morning by a priest.
    一位牧師今天上午為布朗先生和威爾遜小姐主持了婚禮。
  9. My brother married Miss Jenny.
    我哥哥與珍妮小姐結婚。
  10. Today, in the second round of women's doubles, they'll meet Mrs.White and Miss Sandy of England.
    在今天的女子雙打第二輪比賽中,她們將迎戰英格蘭的懷特夫人和桑迪小姐。
  11. The Misses Green are sisters.
    格林小姐們是姊妹。
  12. Good morning,Miss!
    老師,您早!
  13. Two cups of coffee, miss.
    兩杯咖啡,小姐。
  14. Jenny is a pretty miss.
    珍妮是個漂亮的小妞。
  15. She is a saucy little miss!
    她是個黃毛丫頭!
  16. She was a French miss engaged to tutor his children.
    她是受聘來當孩子家庭教師的法國姑娘。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
miss by (v.+prep.)
    差…就成功做… lose a chance beyond time, distance, etc.
    miss sb/sth/v-ing by sth

    The bullet missed me by two inches.

    子彈只差兩英寸就射中我了。

    They missed the train by three minutes.

    他們晚了3分鐘,沒有趕上火車。

    We only missed seeing each other by five minutes.

    我們僅差5分鐘而沒有見上面。

miss out (v.+adv.)
    不理睬(某人) pay no attention to (sb)
    miss sb/sth ? out

    Don't miss out your brother when you send round the invitations.

    發送請帖時不要把你兄弟給漏了。

    Take care to spell every word right.You missed out the “d” from “bridge”.

    注意把每個詞都拼寫正確,你把bridge中的d漏掉了。

    You may miss out the third paragraph of the article while reading it.

    你讀這篇文章時可略去第3段。

    The typist has missed out a line because of her carelessness.

    打字員由于粗心漏掉了一行。

    I've missed your name out by mistake.

    我不小心把你的名字漏掉了。

    I read the letter to her, and deliberately missed out certain lines.

    我把那封信讀給她聽,有意略去某些話。

    His account of the accident misses out one or two important facts.

    他寫的事故報告漏述了一兩項重要事實。

    I'll miss out the sweet course.

    我不想吃這道甜食了。

    miss out

    If I don't go to the party,I shall feel I'm missing out.

    如果我不去參加聚會,我將會感到錯失良機。

    miss out on sth

    He missed out on a chance to go to college because of his ill health.

    他因身體不好,失去了上大學的機會。

    Living in the country,I often feel that I am missing out on the activities of city life.

    我住在鄉下,常常感到沒有機會參加城市生活的活動。

    miss sth ? out

    Jacelin missed out all the fun because of his broken leg.

    杰斯林因為腿骨折而錯過了享受這一切樂趣的機會。

    miss sb ? out

    It was Cage's own fault if she felt missed out at the party; she made no effort to be friendly to people.

    如果凱奇覺得在聚會上受了冷落那是她自己找的,她對別人就沒有友好地表示過。

用作名詞 (n.)
give a miss
    避開; 不去干某事 avoid; not to do sth
    give sb/sth a miss

    Why did you give him a miss?

    你為什么躲避他?

    I think I'll give the fish course a miss.

    我想免去魚這道菜。

    I usually go swimming on Mondays, but I've decided to give it a miss this week.

    我通常逢星期一去游泳,但我決定本星期不去了。

    I'm tired—I think I'll give the film a miss.

    我太累了——我想不去看電影了。

    I'll give the sweet course a miss.

    這道甜食我不吃了。

near miss
    幸免 situation where one just avoids or escape from, some mishap

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 副詞+~ ~+副詞 ~+介詞
用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ ~+名詞

miss的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. miss的基本意思是沒能達到某人的既定目標,可以表示“沒打中”“沒猜中”“沒到手”“沒拿到”“沒趕上”“沒看到”“達不到標準”“不守約”“不盡義務”“發覺不在”“惦念”“避免”“失敗”等。
  2. miss既可用作不及物動詞,也可用作及物動詞。用作及物動詞時,可接名詞、代詞、動名詞作賓語。
  3. miss還可表示渴望做到而未做到或無法做到,這時常接動名詞作賓語。
  4. miss的現在分詞missing可用作形容詞,在句中作定語、表語或賓語補足語。
n. (名詞)
  1. miss用作名詞時可作“錯失,不中,未得”解,也可作“小姐”解,是作“錯失,不中”解的miss的同形異源異義詞,用于姓名或姓之前,是對未婚或婚姻狀況不明的女子的稱呼,也可用作選美會上優勝者的頭銜,首字母要大寫。
  2. miss還可用于小學生對女教師、顧客對女店員、主人對傭人的稱呼。
  3. miss作為戲謔語可譯為“小妞,小姑娘”。
  1. miss指“錯過”時,后面跟動名詞,而不是不定式。

    We missed visiting the town.
    不可說We missed to visit the town.

  2. missmiss out指“漏掉”時,可以指無意的,也可以指故意的。

    I narrowly missed being hurt by a car yesterday.
    昨天我差點被汽車撞了。

    When you copy the poem, please miss (out) the second stanzas.
    當你抄這首詩時,請把第二個詩節省略。

  3. miss作不及物動詞時,其分詞missing被用作形容詞表示be absent。

    The girl is missing.
    小女孩失蹤了。

  4. Miss指“小姐”時,用在姓前面,指一家姐妹中年紀最大的。例如稱Ellen Butler為Miss Butler而不是Miss Ellen Butler或Miss Ellen Butler。對已嫁的女子不能說Miss,寡婦也不能說Miss而是Mrs。可以用Miss ...或the Misses ...指代一家的姐妹們,如the Miss Butlers或the Misses Butler,后者比較舊式而正式。說到一家的姐妹們各人的名宇,或不同姓的每個小姐時,可說the Misses ...,如the Misses Ellen and Helen Butler或the Misses Butler and Bullen。也可以用Miss Ellen Butler and Miss Helen Butler或Miss Butler and Miss Bullen。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
miss, lose, mislay
  • 這三個動詞都有“丟失”的意思。其區別是:
  • 1.lose語氣較強,是常用語,指偶然遺失東西,而且暗示永遠失去。用作及物動詞時,后面常接錢財、物品、機會等名詞。
  • 2.miss意義專一,指人們察覺到東西已經丟失,含有可能找回之義,可以用作不及物動詞,也可用作及物動詞,其賓語可以是名詞、代詞、動名詞或從句。例如:
  • He fired two shots, both missed.他打了兩槍,都沒有打中。
  • I didn't miss the key until I got home and found it wasn't in my bag.直到我回到家,想從包里拿鑰匙時,才發現它不見了。
  • I missed seeing the film when it was shown at school.那電影在學校放映時我沒有去看。
  • It seems that we have missed our chance.好像我們已失去了機會。
  • 3.mislay指把某物放在想不起來的地方,也可作“遺失”解。例如:
  • Oh dear,I've mislaid my glasses again.哎呀!我又忘記把我的眼鏡放在什么地方了。
  • miss, fail
  • 這兩個詞都可以作“不成”解。其區別在于:miss通常要搭用動名詞短語; 而fail通常要搭用動詞不定式。例如:
  • The squirrel was lucky that it missed being caught.那個松鼠很幸運,恰好沒有被抓住。
  • I have failed to catch the train.我沒有搭上那班火車。
  • lose,miss,misplace
  • 這些動詞均有“丟失、遺失”之意。
  • lose最普通用詞,側重遺失了,難以找回來。
  • miss著重發覺某人或某物不見的瞬間,也可作思念解。
  • misplace指反映東西放錯或故意放錯地方。
  • madam,Mrs,lady,miss
  • 這些名詞均表示對女性的尊稱。
  • madam夫人、太太,女士,小姐,與尊稱男人的用詞sir相對,多用于對已婚或未婚婦女的禮貌稱呼,如店員對女顧客的稱呼,后面不加姓名。如果已知對方的身份或姓名可在此詞后面加上姓名或職位。
  • Mrs太太,夫人,是mistress的縮略形式,對已婚婦女的稱呼。
  • lady女士,夫人,與gentleman相對,是對女性的禮貌稱呼,多用于演講或祝酒時稱呼在場的女性。
  • miss小姐,是對未婚或不知婚姻狀況的女性的稱呼,與姓氏連用時應大寫。
  • 常見錯誤

    v. (動詞)
      我沒看過那部電影。

      I missed to see that movie.

      I missed seeing that movie.

      miss作“錯過”解時,是及物動詞,可接名詞、代詞或動名詞作其賓語,不能用動詞不定式。

      他們在森林里迷了路。

      They missed their way in the forest.

      They lost their way in the forest.

      miss和lose都有“迷失”的含義,但在lose one's way固定詞組中不能換用成miss。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 直接源自古英語的missan,意為未擊中;最初源自古日耳曼語的missjan,意為錯誤,弄錯。另一個做‘小姐’稱呼之意,1645年進入英語,原意為‘妓女’。
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