states

  基本詞匯  
[ste?t]     [ste?t]    
  • n. 情形;狀態;國家;州;政府
  • adj. 國家的;州的;國事禮儀的
  • v. 陳述;聲明;說明;規定
stated stated stating states
new

state的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 情況
  2. 國家
  3. 政府
  4. 美國
  5. 形勢
  6. 狀況, 情形
  7. 狀態
  8. 地位
  9. 身分
  10. 形態
  11. 心態
  12. 興奮狀態
  13. 美國國務院
  14. 美國的州
  15. 威嚴
  16. 豪華
adj. (形容詞)
  1. 州的,邦的
  2. 正式的,官方的
  3. 國家的,政府的
  4. 國事的
  5. 國務的,公務的
  6. 儀式用的
  7. 來賓用的
  8. 華麗的,壯麗的
  9. 州營的
  10. 國家提供的
  11. 國事禮儀的
  12. 隆重的
v. (動詞)
  1. 陳述,聲明,說明,講,說出
  2. 指定,確定,規定
  3. 【數】用符號或代數式表示
  4. 聲言,斷言,聲明,宣稱
  5. 敘述,表述
  6. 總結
  7. 下筆
  8. 亮出,公布
  9. 排定

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [C] 狀態,狀況 a condition in which a person or thing is; a particular way of being, feeling, or thinking considered with regard to its most important or noticeable quality
  2. [C] 國家,政府 the government or political organization of a country
  3. [C] 州; 邦 any of the smaller partly self-governing areas making up certain nations
  4. [U] 盛禮; 隆重的儀式 the grandness and ceremony connected with governments and rulers
v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 陳述 say; express
  2. vt. 規定 set in advance

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation;

    "his state is in the deep south"

  2. the way something is with respect to its main attributes;

    "the current state of knowledge"
    "his state of health"
    "in a weak financial state"

  3. the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state;

    "the state has lowered its income tax"

  4. a politically organized body of people under a single government;

    "the state has elected a new president"
    "African nations"
    "students who had come to the nation's capitol"
    "the country's largest manufacturer"
    "an industrialized land"

  5. (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container);

    "the solid state of water is called ice"

  6. a state of depression or agitation;

    "he was in such a state you just couldn't reason with him"

  7. the territory occupied by a nation;

    "he returned to the land of his birth"
    "he visited several European countries"

  8. the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies;

    "the Department of State was created in 1789"

Verb:
  1. express in words;

    "He said that he wanted to marry her"
    "tell me what is bothering you"
    "state your opinion"
    "state your name"

  2. put before;

    "I submit to you that the accused is guilty"

  3. indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.;

    "Can you express this distance in kilometers?"

state的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. She wept to see him in such a state.
    她一見他那種情形簌簌淚下。
  2. The house has fallen into a state of neglect.
    這所房屋已處于荒廢的狀態。
  3. The head of state was deposed by the army.
    國家元首被軍隊廢黜了。
  4. Alaska is a state of ample size.
    阿拉斯加是個大州。
用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. He was wary of telling state secrets.
    他小心翼翼以免泄漏國家機密。
  2. She teaches in a state university.
    她在一所州立大學任教。
  3. The Queen is on a state visit to Moscow.
    女王正對莫斯科進行國事訪問。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. Please state the facts honestly.
    請如實地陳述事實。
  2. They do not state that she is ( or is not ) a good teacher.
    他們沒有聲明她是(或不是)一個好教師。
  3. State your name and address.
    請說出你的姓名和地址。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Air whether in the gaseous or liquid state is a fluid.
    空氣,無論是氣態的或是液態的,都是一種流體。
  2. That country is now an independent State.
    那個國家現在是個獨立的國家。
  3. Railways in Britain belong to the State.
    英國的鐵路歸國家所有。
  4. These industries are run by the State.
    這些工業是由國家經營的。
  5. The state is now protecting the forest resources against exhaustion.
    該國正在保護其森林資源免遭亂砍濫伐。
  6. Young people should pay attention to the affairs of state.
    青年應該關心國家大事。
  7. She retained the best lawyer in the state to defend her case.
    她為了她的案子聘用了該州最好的律師。
  8. Which state do you come from?
    你是哪個州的?
  9. The Queen drove to the palace in state.
    女王威嚴地乘車前往王宮。
  10. The goodwill mission was received in state.
    友好使團受到了隆重的接待。
  11. The opening of Parliament is one of the great state occasions.
    議會的開幕式是極其隆重的盛典之一。
  12. Does private education skim off all the best students from the state system?
    私立教育會把最優秀的學生從國立教育中都選走嗎?
  13. Industrial investments form an important part of state expenditure.
    工業投資是國家開支的一個重要組成部分。
~+of n./pron.
  1. The area is in a state of armed conflict.
    這地區已處于武裝沖突的狀態。
  2. The army is in a high state of readiness.
    軍隊處于高度戒備狀態。
  3. The school buildings are in bad state of repair.
    校舍亟待大修。
  4. They sampled the population to find out the state of public opinion.
    他們從人口中抽樣以了解民意狀況。
  5. They are very concerned about the state of the churchyard.
    他們對于教堂墓地的狀況非常關心。
  6. His general state of health is fairly satisfactory.
    他的總的健康狀況相當令人滿意。
  7. The insurance company is trying to find out which driver is culpable for the state of events.
    保險公司試圖發現哪個司機有過失。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. State your name and address.
    講清你的姓名和地址。
  2. He stated his problem clearly.
    他把問題敘述得很清楚。
  3. He stated his case before a judge.
    他在法官面前陳述了自己的看法。
  4. Would you please state your frank opinion of the plan?
    請坦率地談談您對這項計劃的看法好嗎?
S+~+that-clause
  1. The witness stated that he had not seen the woman before.
    該證人說他從未見過那個女人。
  2. I heard the official state that no children were to be admitted.
    我聽到那位官員說,孩子都不允許入內。
  3. The spokesman stated that the agreement would be signed on 30 March.
    該發言人聲稱協議將于3月30日簽字。
  4. It states in the newspaper that there will be a meeting tomorrow.
    報紙報道,明天有個會議要召開。
It is/was ~ed+that-clause
  1. It is stated that the fire started in a cottage.
    據說火是從一間小屋里燒起來的。
  2. It is semiofficially stated that he has resigned his place on the committee.
    據半官方的消息說,他已辭去了在委員會的職務。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Please state exactly what these legal terms mean.
    請說明這些法律術語的確切含義。
  2. Please state whether you are married or single.
    請說明你是已婚還是未婚。
用作賓補動詞 S+~+ n./pron. +to be n.
  1. They stated themselves to be members of a secret society.
    他們宣稱自己是一個秘密社團中的成員。
S+~+ n./pron. +to have v -ed
  1. They stated the diamond to have been stolen.
    他們宣稱鉆石已被偷了。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. Theatre tickets must be used on the stated date.
    戲票必須在指定的日期才有效。

常用短語

用作名詞 (n.)
in〔into〕 a state
    骯臟的,凌亂的 dirty, neglected, untidy, etc.His clothes were in a state.他的衣服亂七八糟。

詞匯搭配

用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ 名詞+~ ~+名詞 介詞+~ ~+介詞
用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • The state of discipline in the Army seems to be getting a bit lax.

    出自: J. B. Morton
  • I noted almost daily the state of her health.

    出自: L. Woolf
  • He could not..tell Mary about the state of their finances.

    出自: P. Dally
  • To be childless is not a happy state for any woman.

    出自: C. Harkness
  • A problem must be stated in order to be solved.

    出自: J. Martineau
  • The..secretary stated authoritatively..that the mayor would not sign that day.

    出自: L. Steffens
  • The parents were requested to state what diseases their children had had.

    出自: R. Fraser

state的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. state作名詞的基本意思是“狀態,狀況”,指人或物在外觀、心靈、健康等方面的自然“狀態”或“情況”,是可數名詞,常用于in a state of...的結構。
  2. state還可作“國家”解,如強調其政治實體性時,首字母常大寫; 不強調政治實體性時則首字母可小寫。state還可作為一個國家中的“州,邦”解,作此解時是可數名詞。
  3. state還可作“盛禮,隆重的儀式”解,一般是與政府或統治者有關的機構舉行的活動,是不可數名詞。
v. (動詞)
  1. state的基本意思是“陳述”,常指在正式或莊重的場合陳述觀點、看法等,而且這種陳述常含有仔細、詳盡而明確的意味。
  2. state一般用作及物動詞,接名詞、代詞、that從句、帶疑問詞的從句作賓語。還可接以“to be+ n. ”或to have+ v -ed充當補足語的復合賓語。
  3. state常用于“It is/was stated that...”結構。
  1. state相比于say表達更正式,常用于正式的公文或者商業文件,表示“說,陳述,聲明”。

    The chairman stated that the contract would be signed on 16th April.
    The teacher said that he had to go back to classroom soon.

  2. 一般情況下,我們可以說The negotiations are stated to have broken down.而不能說They state the negotiations to have broken down;
  3. state首字母s大寫,表示為“國家”,例:the political policy of the State;
  4. state也可以來指我國古代春秋戰國時期的“國”,the...State或State of...表示“...國”,如the Lu Stat或the State of Lu,the Warring States表示為“戰國”;
  5. the United States of America是正式通用的名稱,簡寫the States。The (United) States (of America) is a republic of the old type.這里state用is,做單數名詞。美國人稱美國國家為America,稱自己為Americans,不同其它國外的人一樣稱它為the United States of North America。美國人自己也不 把the United States簡稱作the States;
  6. 在美國state有時候指“州”,有時候指“國”,例:State bank,State prison,State university都指“州的”,但State Department是“國務院”不是“州的部”,States在澳大利亞指澳大利亞的各州。

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
state, circumstance, condition, situation
  • 這四個詞都有“情況,狀態,條件,狀況”的意思。其區別在于:state是普通用語,指“情況,狀態”,其存在形式并不是具體事物; situation指危急或重大的事態,側重“事態”,也指“職位,職業”; condition和state相比意義較狹隘,指在思考中的事物的狀態,“環境”所影響的“情況”,特指事物內部的條件和狀態,用復數時指比較一般、籠統的情況,側重于“狀況”; circumstance指某種事件或動作發生時的情況,一般都用復數形式。例如:
  • The country is in a troubled state.這個國家處于紊亂的狀態中。
  • Measures must be taken to meet this situation.必須設法應付這個局面。
  • He is applying for a situation.他正在請求得到一個位置。
  • The oranges may soon rot under present conditions.橘子在目前的狀態下會很快腐爛的。
  • I don't remember all the circumstances of the quarrel.我不記得爭吵的所有情況。
  • state, country, nation
  • 這組詞都可表示“國家”。其區別是:
  • country表示地理概念,側重“疆土”,即一個國家的整個區域; nation側重“人民”,指一個獨立政府領導下的全體人民或整個民族的集合體; state則側重“政權”,即獨立的國家,也可指其政府。試體會下面兩句中這三個詞的含義:
  • The United States is a nation of diverse peoples.
  • 美國是一個由不同民族組成的國家。
  • That country is now an independent state.
  • 那個國家現在是個獨立的國家。
  • state, nation, people, race, tribe
  • 這組詞都可表示“民族”。其區別在于:
  • 1.race作“種族”解時,側重人種學含義,往往包括幾個民族和國家,這些民族的人民有某一相同的的自然特點(如膚色)。
  • 2.nation指有共同的歷史,使用同一種語言,居住在同一個大的地區,側重于人民。例如:
  • The story is about the Indian nations in the western United States.這個故事是關于美國西部印第安民族的。
  • 3.tribe指有共同的語言與風俗習慣,尤其是以古老生活方式生活的“部落”。例如:
  • Schools will help to civilize the wild tribes there.學校將有助于使那兒的野蠻部落文明化。
  • 4.state指國家或者邦〔州〕,側重政權。例如:
  • In our country, the people are protected by the state.在我國,人民受國家的保護。
  • That country is now an independent state.那個國家現在是個獨立的國家。
  • They believed that the state was “above class distinctions”.他們認為國家是“超乎階級區分之上”的。
  • 5.people指有共同文化、共同利益或理想的一群人,強調文化和社會的統一,而不是國家和民族的統一。例如:
  • They will discuss giving further help to the oppressed peoples.他們將討論給予被壓迫民族更多援助。
  • v. (動詞)
    state, describe, narrate, recite, recount, rehearse, relate, report
  • 這組詞都有“講述”的意思。其區別是:
  • relate專指有條理、連貫和完整地敘述故事或自己看到、經歷的事情; rehearse指總結性地講述或重復講述; recite和recount均指把每一細節都詳細講述或列舉出來; narrate專指采用編造情節、懸念和高潮等文學手段生動地講敘; describe側重能給聽眾產生深刻印象的詳盡而清楚地描述; state強調原原本本、不加修飾地用口頭或書面形式清楚明確地講述,強調旨在提供事實素材或看法; report指經過調查研究之后,為提供有關事實和情況,對某事的細節作出精確敘述或報告。
  • condition,state,status,situation,circumstance
  • 這些名詞均有“狀況、情況”之意。
  • condition一般強調產生影響的原因或環境,復數形式指籠統的情況。
  • state普通用詞,指人或物在環境、外表、心靈以及健康方面的狀況,或指在某一階段的狀態或形式。
  • status指一個人在政治、社會、經濟、法律上的地位或身份,暗含地位顯要意味。也可用于指政治等事態的狀況。
  • situation指明確具體的環境情況或處境。
  • circumstance多指周圍的情況或某事發生時的情況。
  • nation,state,country,land,power
  • 這些名詞均含“國家”之意。
  • nation普通用詞,指在某一國土定居的人民、民族,強調人民。
  • state正式用詞,指政治概念上的國家,即由政府所代表的國家。
  • country普通用詞,側重國土與人民。
  • land常用于文學中,側重國土,帶感情色彩。
  • power特指擁有強大軍事力量,在國際事務中有較強權威或影響的國家,即強國、大國。
  • say,speak,state,talk,tell,utter
  • 這些動詞均有“說、講”之意。
  • say最普通常用詞,指用語言表達思想,著重所說的內容。
  • speak側重于說話動作的本身,著重說話的能力而不在內容,比如能說某種語言。
  • state較正式用詞,通常指用明確的語言或文字著重地敘述事實,既強調內容又注重語氣。
  • talk普通用詞,側重指與人交談時的連續說話,可指單方面較長談話,和speak一樣,著重說活動作而不側重內容。
  • tell指告訴或講述。
  • utter著重說話的行為,常指聲音的使用,突出用噪子發聲。
  • 常見錯誤

    n. (名詞)
      她身體狀況很糟糕。

      She is at a poor state of health.

      She is in a poor state of health.

      state作“狀態”“狀況”解時,常用于be in a state of sth 的結構,表示“處于某種狀況〔情況〕”,這里介詞用in,不用at。

      國家元首在政治中起關鍵作用。

      The head of the state played a key role in politics.

      The head of state played a key role in politics.

      用head of state表示“國家元首”時, state前不加冠詞。

      美利堅合眾國位于北美洲。

      The United States are located in North America.

      The United States is located in North America.

      以s結尾的表示國家、機構等的專有名詞一般視作單數。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 13世紀初期進入英語,直接源自拉丁語的status,意為站姿。
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